Paint, Coating & Lining Types - The Ultimate Glossary


There are a wide range of specialist commercial paints, coatings and linings available to meet various requirements. Here we explain briefly what those terms mean.

Acrylic – a coating primarily based on acrylate and methacrylate monomers.

Alkyd – a synthetic, versatile coating with long established use in the industry.

Anti-Slip –
provides a non-slip surface, even when wet.

Bituminous –
predominantly used for weatherproofing. When fully cured, the coating forms a flexible bitumen film.

Elastomeric Urethane –
used for protecting surfaces where abrasion, chemical, tear, moisture and temperature resistance are desired.

Epoxy –
based on Epoxy resin / binders that, when cross-linked with a hardener or accelerant, provide a hard, chemical and solvent resistant coating.

Epoxy Phenolic –
a coating based on Phenolic and Epoxy resin / binders. Typically used in low pH environments and for higher temperature service.

Epoxy Novolac –
based on Epoxy resins / binders, these coatings offer high chemical, thermal shock, impact and wear resistance.

Fluorocarbon –
based on Organofluorine (Carbon and Fluorine), these coatings exhibit low-friction properties.

Glass Flake Epoxy –
an Epoxy resin based coating containing micronised glass flakes. This tough coating offers long term anti-corrosive and abrasion protection in severe environments.

High Temperature Silicone –
used to seal and protect in high temperature service (up to 800°C).

Intumescent –
more widely understood as fireproof, intumescent coatings are used in buildings and on structural steelwork for passive fire resistance. They expand significantly when exposed to high temperatures to provide even further fire resistance.

Phenolic –
a coating that offers consistent, high end corrosion protection for a wide range of conditions including immersion service for most acids, solvents and salts.

Polyester Resin –
based on unsaturated synthetic resins, polyester resin based coatings provide water, some chemical resistance and temperature resistance up to 80°C.

Polysiloxane –
a.k.a. polymerised silicones with Oxygen – these coatings provide abrasion, chemical and corrosion resistance.

Polyurethane –
urethane polymer based coatings, they exhibit excellent resistance to ultra violet light and weathering.

Surface Tolerant –
a coating designed to be applied over surfaces with minimal or no surface preparation and many can be used in the presence of surface moisture and high humidity.

Vinyl Ester Resin –
is a resin produced by the chemical reaction of an epoxy resin with acrylic or methacrylic acids offering excellent chemical resistance.

Water Based –
predominantly based on water – they contain little to no solvent.

Water Borne –
see Water Based.

Zinc-Rich –
predominantly used for priming, Zinc Rich coatings provide long term corrosion resistance, primarily through sacrificial or cathodic protection.

Zinc-Rich (Inorganic) –
variant of Zinc Rich. Usually consisting of a silicate binder and containing a higher amount of zinc.

Zinc-Rich (Organic) –
variant of Zinc Rich. Usually consisting of an epoxy, polyurethane or alkyd binder.


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